Falls represent the leading cause of accidents among older people. They are the most common cause of hospitalization and admission in nursing homes. 1 in 3 adults aged 65 or older have experienced at least one fall, but only half of them talk to their doctor about it. Prevention of falls consists of exercise, ensuring a safe environment, encouraging the client to check his/her eyes & communicating about medication.
“The strength, consistency, and specificity of the association between walking behavior and maintenance of mobility provide strong evidence that even a small amount of regular walking can confer short-term protection from further mobility loss in functionally limited women. The observation that most women capable of walking at least eight blocks per week were not doing so indicates the need to get more women “out the door” and to encourage those who walk a little to walk a little more.” Source: Just Get Out the Door! Importance of Walking Outside the Home for Maintaining Mobility: Findings from the Women's Health and Aging Study, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Volume 53, Issue 2, pages 198–203, February 2005
“Cognitive vitality is essential to quality of life and survival in old age. With normal aging, cognitive changes such as slowed speed of processing are common, but there is substantial inter-individual variability, and cognitive decline is clearly not inevitable. For example, animal and human studies suggest that lifelong learning, mental and physical exercise, continuing social engagement, stress reduction, and proper nutrition may be important factors in promoting cognitive vitality in aging.” Source: Achieving and Maintaining Cognitive Vitality With Aging, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 77, Issue 7, July 2002